Liberty Women

PCOS Treatment

What is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?

PCOS, or polycystic ovary syndrome, is a hormonal disorder that affects women during their reproductive years. PCOS is a gynecological condition resulting in prolonged menstruation and higher levels of androgens, or male hormones.

Most cases of PCOS involve that ovaries developing follicles or small collections of fluid buildup that impede the proper release of eggs.

What causes polycystic ovary syndrome?

The cause of PCOS isn’t exactly clear. Some factors appear to play a part, such as:

  • Excess insulin hormone
  • Low-grade inflammation
  • Excess androgen male hormones
  • Genetics
  • Obesity

PCOS can lead to a number of complications, including:

  • Diabetes and gestational diabetes
  • Miscarriage, infertility, and premature birth
  • Sleep apnea
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Liver inflammation
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Eating disorders
  • Depression and anxiety

What are the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome?

The symptoms of PCOS include:

  • Oversized polycystic ovaries consisting of follicles surrounding the eggs
  • Infrequent, irregular, prolonged, or abnormally heavy menstruation
  • Excess levels of male hormones that can lead to moderate to severe acne, excess facial and body hair, and baldness.

The symptoms of PCOS usually happen during puberty or the first menstrual cycle. PCOS can occur later and has been associated with excess weight gain.

How is polycystic ovary syndrome diagnosed?

Your Liberty Women OB/GYN provider usually diagnoses PCOS with effective methods, such as:

  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Discussion of medical history
  • Physical exam
  • Pelvic exam

You will also be sent for blood work to detect certain hormone levels and other important and indicative factors.

What are the treatments for polycystic ovary syndrome? The physicians at Liberty Women OB/GYN offer various treatments and ways to manage PCOS, such as:

  • Nutrition to help regulate insulin
  • Exercise to decrease androgen production
  • Weight loss,
  • Contraception

Treatment is centered around managing your individual concerns, such as obesity or acne. Lifestyle changes paired with the right medications will make a difference in your PCOS treatment.

If you have symptoms of PCOS, please book your appointment online or call our office today.